Types of Heat Pumps

Considering a heat pump for your home? Today’s models can reduce heating costs by 50% compared to electric furnace and baseboard heaters. Unfortunately, finding the right model can be quite confusing due to the sheer multitude of options to consider…

The Wide World of Heat Pumps

All About Heat PumpsCapable of both heating and cooling, heat pump systems work like a refrigerator, using electricity to pump heat from a cool space to a warm one to move warm air indoors in the winter, and vice versa in the summer. Because they move heat rather than generating it, operational costs are significantly reduced.

There are 3 Main Types of Heat Pumps:

  • Air Source
    Inexpensive to install and commonly used, air source heat pumps function well in moderate climates, using outside air as a medium for heat exchange.
  • Water Source
    Water source heat pumps dissipate heat by way of water instead of air. They require well, lake, or other water source access, and aren’t as common.
  • Ground Source
    Ground source or geothermal heat pumps take advantage of thermal energy stored underground, transferring heat in a similar manner to air source heat pumps. Due to the constant temperature of the ground, they offer much more efficient operation, however installation is pricier and more complicated due to the need for excavation and installation of underground piping.

But Wait – We’re Not Done Yet! Heat Pump Sub-Types
To further confound you in the selection process, there are also sub-types of heat pump systems:

  • Hybrid Heat Pump
    In climates that run the gamut from very warm in the summer to very cold in the winter, two types of hybrid systems are available to boost efficiency…

    • Ground & air source heat pump combos, with air source systems leading the way when air is warm outside, but switching to ground source when temperatures drop.
    • Heat pump and gas/oil boiler combo, where simultaneous operation can offer more consistent warmth at a higher level of efficiency. (Commonly used in homes with existing boiler systems.)
  • Solar Heat Pump
    Used in conjunction with air and geothermal heat pumps, solar heat pumps integrate solar panels as a power supply for the system. With a solar geothermal setup, it is therefore possible to heat/cool your entire home by renewable energy.
  • Absorption or Gas-Fired Heat Pump
    Driven by another heat source other than electricity (solar/geothermal/gas), these systems are more typical to industrial applications.

There are also a Few Different Ways to Install Heat Pump Systems, Including…

  • Split System
    The most common installation on ducted systems, with an indoor evaporative unit located in a closet, basement or attic, and the condenser and compressor unit located outdoors in a large metal box.
  • Package System
    All mechanical components are housed in a larger metal outdoor box. (Only ductwork is located in the home.)
  • Mini Split or “Ductless”
    Great for homes without ducts, these work similar to air source heat pumps, albeit on a smaller scale.
  • Window Heat Pumps

Ready to start saving energy and money with a heat pump system? Contact your friendly H & H Heating & Air Conditioning company and make an appointment for your no-obligation, competitive quote today.

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